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Springfield’s XD Keeps On Growing

by Jim Wilson   |  January 3rd, 2011 14

Springfield has added .45 ACP-chambered models to its line of accurate and reliable striker-fired polymer-frame X-Treme Duty pistols.


Springfield Armory’s family of XD pistols just keeps growing. The group is based upon a polymer-frame, striker-fired pistol and has been offered in 9mm, .40 S&W, .357 SIG, and .45 GAP. Now the .45 ACP is being chambered in the auto pistol.

The XD guns are available in three different barrel lengths: the 3.1-inch barrel is called the Sub-Compact, the 4-inch barrel is the Service Model, and the 5-inch gun is the Tactical Model. Shooters also have a choice of finishes and can opt for the black model, the OD green, or the Bi-tone, which consists of a stainless slide mounted on a black frame.

But, like that rabbit on the commercial, Springfield Armory just keeps on going. The latest addition to the XD family has really gotten my attention. The XD Service Model and Tactical Model are now available in .45 ACP. And, fully loaded, the new XD .45s carry a payload of 14 rounds.


The new .45 ACP XDs come with a polymer holster, magazine holder, and magazine loading tool.

Springfield Armory’s design engineers were able to offer this high-capacity, big-bore loading by only slightly enlarging the pistol’s grip circumference. I was pleased to see that the comfortable feel of the XD pistol grip has not been significantly changed with the addition of a 14-shot .45 ACP to the group.

I received both the .45 ACP Service and Tactical Models for testing, and both guns had the standard black finish and the other features we have come to appreciate from the Springfield XD. The sights are the popular three-dot combat version, made of steel and dovetailed into the pistol’s slide. Barrels are all hammer forged and have an integral feedramp to ensure positive chambering.

Springfield has put a lot of thought into the design of the XD’s grip frame, and it shows. The curved backstrap and flat sides seem to fit most hands very well. And the backstraps and frontstraps also have a checkering pressed into the polymer to assist the shooter in maintaining a positive grip. Springfield has also molded a slight depression at the top of the grip that is a perfect spot for the shooting thumb to further enhance a secure shooting grip. This thumb depression, by the way, is found on both sides of the pistol, an indication that Springfield is aware of the needs of their left-handed customers.


SPECS
Manufacturer: Springfield Armory
Model: XD Service Model; XD Tactical Model
Operation: Striker-fired autoloader
Caliber: 45 ACP
Barrel Length: 4 inches (Service Model); 5 inches (Tactical Model)
Overall Length: 7.25 inches (Service Model); 8.1 inches (Tactical Model)
Weight, empty 30 ounces (Service Model); 32 ounces (Tactical model)
Safety: Trigger safety, grip safety
Sights: Three-dot combat sights
Stock: Integral to polymer frame
Magazine Capacity: 13 + 1
Finish: Matte Black
Price: $559 (Service Model); $595 (Tactical Model)

Another ambidextrous feature of the XD pistol is the magazine release button. Located in the pistol’s frame just behind the trigger, this release is full-time ambidextrous, which allows shooters, especially military and police, to completely function and fire the XD pistol with whichever hand gets to it first. That’s a handy feature when someone has pushed the panic button.

From the beginning, I have been on record commending Springfield Armory for installing a grip safety in the XD pistols. The safety trigger, common to most striker-fired pistols, is a nice touch, but I never have believed that it is sufficient for adequate safety. With a round in the chamber, such a pistol is only safe when it is carried in a holster that is specifically made for it. During defensive encounters, a shooter may have to shove his pistol into his waistband or hip pocket in order to have both hands free to deal with a non-lethal threat. On the standard striker-fired pistol the trigger may become engaged by clothing and discharge the pistol. This is far less likely to happen with the Springfield XD pistol because the grip safety must be depressed and the trigger activated before firing can occur.

All XD pistols have an accessory rail located on the bottom side of the polymer frame just in front of the trigger guard. This handy but unobtrusive feature allows the shooter to install a flashlight, a laser sight, or whatever other accessory he might want to include in his handgunning program.


Sights on the .45 ACP XDs are the three-dot variety. The Sheriff says the grip frame’s curved backstrap and flat sides, checkering, and ambidextrous thumb depressions help the shooter maintain a positive grip.

My two XDs in .45 ACP were only slightly heavier than their comparable XDs in other calibers. The 4-inch Service Model weighs 30 ounces, an increase of five ounces over other Service Models. And the Tactical Model, coming in at 32 ounces, has an increase of only one ounce over the other caliber 5-inchers. By the way, the Service Model has an overall length of 7.25 inches, and the Tactical Model is 8.1 inches long.


The .45 ACP XDs’ 25-yard, five-shot group sizes for the factory loads averaged from 2.25 to 3.75 inches.

ACCURATE & RELIABLE
I took the two .45 ACP XDs to the range along with an assortment of popular .45 ACP ammunition. I like Hornady’s 230-grain jacketed flatpoint ammo and always try to keep some in stock. And lately I’ve been shooting a lot of the Magtech 165-grain JHP defensive load. The Black Hills 230-grain JHP load is another favorite that made the range trip with me, as did the 230-grain JHP Winchester-USA loading and the Winchester 230-grain JHP SXT offering.


Throughout the course of Jim’s test-firing, the .45 ACP XDs functioned perfectly with all five test loads.

These various loads shot very well in both pistols. Group sizes averaged from 2.25 inches to 3.75 inches, which is about what one can expect from polymer-frame service pistols. More importantly, all of the ammunition functioned reliably. There were no malfunctions or failures to feed during my entire shooting test. This is indicative of Springfield’s attention to detail and to the inclusion of the integral feedramp. In any sort of a service or defensive pistol, accuracy is nice but reliability is critical.

My subjective evaluation of the two XDs revealed that the recoil was quite manageable. I think this is due to the amount of thought that was given to the design of the XD pistol grip. The grip shape also allowed me to obtain a very quick sight picture as the grip felt very natural and everything was lined up when the gun came to eye level. And while I did not measure the gap in the rear sight, I found it to be wide enough to allow plenty of light to appear on each side of the front sight. I find that this is a great aid in quick acquisition of the front sight during fast shooting.


Shooting Springfield’s .45 ACP XDs
Factory Load Muzzle Velocity (fps) Standard Deviation (fps) Extreme Spread (fps) 25-yard Accuracy (inches)
4-inch Barreled Service Model
Magtech 165-gr. JHP 1009 10 24 3.25
Black Hills 230-gr. JHP 812 15 21 3.50
Hornady 230-gr. FMJ-FP 802 10 18 2.50
Winchester SXT 230-gr. JHP 799 6 14 2.25
Winchester-USA 230-gr. JHP 820 18 27 3.75
5-inch Barreled Tactical Model
Magtech 165-gr. JHP 1081 12 31 3.00
Black Hills 230-gr. JHP 852 6 18 3.75
Hornady 230-gr. FMJ-FP 847 14 22 2.75
Winchester SXT 230-gr. JHP 845 23 52 2.75
Winchester-USA 230-gr. JHP 855 22 34 3.63
NOTES: Accuracy is the average of five five-shot groups fired from a sandbag benchrest at 25 yards. Velocity is the average of 25 rounds measured 15 feet from the guns’ muzzles.

Another nice feature with these new XD pistols is that a holster, magazine holder, and loading tool are all included with the guns. All three items are made of injection-molded material and appear to be quite sturdy. The holster is sort of a polymer Yaqui Slide and will fit any XD pistol, regardless of barrel length. The forward edge of the holster has an accessory rail on it so that the accessory ligh
t, or sight, can be stored close at hand when not in use. This is a nice touch from Springfield, and I would like to see some of the other companies begin to include holsters and magazine holders with their products.


How the XD Works
by Dick Metcalf
The XD design integrates classic autoloader mechanics with several distinctly unconventional features. The basic operating mechanism employs a familiar Browning-type cam-ramp, tilt-barrel operation with a captive dual-spring recoil guide assembly. The noncockable ignition mechanism is striker-fired and requires a partial rearward motion of the slide (approximately 3/4 inch) to cock the system and ready the trigger. If the gun is dry-fired, or in the event of a misfire, the trigger cannot accomplish a repeat strike until/unless the slide is racked. In external aspect, this system appears to operate (and feel) much like the familiar mechanism of a Glock, as does the hinged “Glock-like” trigger-safety lever that prevents rearward trigger movement unless depressed by the user’s trigger finger. However, the actual operating mechanics of the two designs are greatly different.

The XD mechanism completely cocks (preloads) the spring-charged firing pin so that the only function provided by the trigger pull is to release the sear and fire the gun. By contrast, the Glock “Safe Action” only partly preloads the firing mechanism, and the trigger pull physically completes the cocking action as well as releasing the firing pin. The XD is therefore a true “single-action” trigger design because its trigger only performs one function–releasing the firing mechanism. The Glock is a true “double-action” trigger design in that its trigger contributes to the actual cocking of the mechanism as well as releasing it.

To describe the process in detail: After the XD slide travels rearward about 3/4 inch, the spring-loaded sear “captures” a cocking lug on the firing pin, holding the pin compressed fully to the rear against the pressure of the firing pin spring when the slide travels back forward (either after a short manual retraction of the slide or after the slide’s full rearward travel in the firing cycle). A pull on the trigger then moves the trigger bar and firing pin safety lever linkages forward, depressing the sear and releasing the firing pin to fire the cartridge. The XD pistol may “feel” like a DAO (double action only) mechanism, but it is not. It acts like a DAO, but it isn’t, mechanically. Springfield’s official term for the mechanism is Ultra Safety Assurance Action Trigger System–or “USA Action” for short.

Another unique XD design aspect is the grip safety that prevents the gun’s trigger from being squeezed unless it is fully depressed. The XD grip safety also freezes the slide. If the grip safety isn’t down, you can’t pull the trigger, and you can’t pull the slide to the rear to load an empty chamber or clear a loaded chamber. You also can’t lock the slide back on an empty gun, whether the magazine is in or out. Plus, there is a separate internal firing pin block that is deactivated only when the trigger is pressed all the way rearward to the point of striker release.

At the present time, the XD .45 ACP pistols are only available in black finish with the Service Model retailing for $559 and the Tactical Model going for $595. However, by the end of 2006 Springfield tells us that OD green versions (same prices as black) and Bi-tone ($595 and $626) will be available.

Modern ammunition being what it is, there is much to be said for the 9mm, .40 S&W, and .357 SIG cartridges. And, certainly, the .45 GAP cartridge is beginning to make a name for itself. But I’m sure glad to see the gun companies humor us old geezers by including the .45 ACP in their lineups. In reality, the .45 ACP cartridge is the standard that all other autoloading cartridges are still compared to. That is simply because the .45 ACP works very well and is always an excellent choice for the defensive shooter, soldier, or policeman.

I think that Springfield Armory has really rounded out its family of XD pistols quite nicely with the inclusion of these guns in .45 ACP. The good old .45 ACP cartridge just keeps going. It’s as historical as an old 1911 in the hands of Alvin York and as modern as an XD pistol from Springfield Armory.

  • Fred. Goldthorpe

    I am a private investigator in Arkansas working on a year old death case. The victim was killed with a Springfield XD 45 caliber pistol. There was no crime scene sketch prepared. I need to know how far and in what direction this weapon ejects its empty casings. Please help me with this information. Thank you

    • Jim Schultze

      Ejection (assuming a factory load) is about 6 feet to the right and about 2 feet back.

  • Mbert

    ejection of the empty casings can vary dramatically. I would say that 6 feet to the right is not accurate though. I'd guess more like 2 feet to the right and 1 or 2 feet back is average, but i've had a couple hit me in the face with no wind. Maximum distance is like 6-10 feet to the right and 4-6 feet forward or backward. Most of my brass casings are sitting about 2 feet to the right and 1 or 2 feet back though. It does a good job of throwing them mostly straight up.

  • Chris Bratt

    I purchased a Springield Armory XD .45 tactical pistol 1 month agao and I barely had time to put some ammo into the magazine this morning and I have noticed that I need to use 2 hands to eject the magazine. I have noticed that when I put an empty magazine in the gun that I can easily eject it using 1 hand. I only need to use 2 hands when I put a full magazine into the pistol. I am using PMC brand FMJ .45 auto ammo in the pistol so I am a little concerned about it. I'm not sure if that is normal because its a new pistol or what. I have also tried holding down the grip safety when I go to eject the full magazine but it doesnt make any difference. I have tried looking for answers on the internet to see if this model of pistol has issues but I cant find anything. Should I take it into a specialists to have someone look at it? Any information would be helpful.

    • Eric

      My XD .45 Tactical is the same way. I think it is intended to be like that. I always need to push the magazine in to relieve tension on the magazine release to remove it easily if the magazine is full. The way I look at it is it will help keep me from removing a full magazine if I get disoriented in a gun fight. Removing an empty magazine is, as I suspect with yours, always as smooth as silk. This quirk kind of bothered me at first, too, but I just learned to push the magazine in if it was full. I have since come to the opinion that I don't need to remove a magazine that quickly if the magazine is full and it was probably designed to be that way so we can get reminded if we're fully loaded. Also, if the mag is only partially full it will still release easily, which is good if you're in a gunfight and you have a chance to top off with a full magazine.

  • JustSayin

    Would not a private investigator in this situation simply make a visit to a pistol range, rent the model of pistol–in this case, an XD 45 and shoot 50 rounds through it and take an average of the distance and trajectories of the casings? Why would any professional rely on word of mouth for something so important as a gun-related fatality?

  • Oldman

    Was the cime scene investigated? Were pictures taken? Was law enforcement called to the crime scene? Where, praytell, do private investigators take on homicides and not at least call the local law enforcement? Did you look at their files? Have you read the autopsy report? Have you interviewed the victim's family? Have you asked to look at the police files? Your query sounds made up or you've never shot a pistol or investiagted any major crime. You really do not know anything about investigations do you, Cubby?

  • Oldman

    JustSayin pegged you.

  • Rock

    I see review after review what kind of pistol Springfield Armory has designed .Springfield never designed this weapon they bought this company that is located in Croatia It is a fine handgun but Springfield never truly made this gun.

  • pat Laino

    DOES AYBODY KNOW WHERE I CAN BUY A 45ACP STAINLESS ULTRA COMPACT 45 ACP NEW OR USED IN 100% CONDITIOIN NOBODY HAS THEM IF THET DO INSANE WITH PRICES PLEASE ADVISE 610 626 0001 thank you

  • http://www.facebook.com/firstsgtboyd Matthew R Boyd

    Crosscreek Outdoor Supply in Henderson NC has the Springfield XD essentials kit in the full size 5in model 13rd capacity mags for $519. Thats where I got mine from.

  • Eric

    @ Jim Wilson: I love this article. Good Job! I just have one piece of input concerning the XD. The 5-inch Tactical .45 version has a single non-captive recoil spring. The other XD .45 models are the ones with the dual captive recoil spring. Thanks for your time.

  • Peter

    Glock is a better in my opinion, about 50% less parts and its made in GA, USA!
    Less to clean or fail!

  • Matthew Huff

    My XD45 Tactical had the same magazine release problem I have read. I had to push up lightly on a full magazine to release it. After firing around 100 rounds it seemed to become easier. I presume it was a need for a “break-in” period.

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