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How To Cope With A Cross-Eyed Rifle

by Hugh Birnbaum   |  January 3rd, 2011 3

Hugh explains how to cope with a rifle that has misaligned scope-mount holes.

Every now and then, a rifle escapes the factory with scope-mount holes misaligned with the longitudinal axis of the barreled action. I acquired one such gem a few years ago. I didn’t have the sane man’s option of returning it to the manufacturer for correction or replacement because I had immediately turned it over to an excellent gunsmith to glass-bed it, true the action, and generally set it up for high-power silhouette competition. I scoped the rifle myself, took it to the range, and discovered that with the scope’s windage at its mechanical limit, I was still several inches right of center at 100 yards. Oops! That’s when I developed a keen interest in windage-adjustable scope mounts.


Redfield bases and compatible Leupold rings allow zeroing windage without using the scope’s internal adjustment. Opposed lock screws on the rear base (L) can be tightened differentially to shift the rear ring left or right as needed. The front dovetail ring pivots to accommodate movement.

There are three basic types. Traditional Leupold, Redfield, and similar mounts use opposed screws in the rear base to secure the rear ring. Differential tightening of the screws shifts the rear ring off center for zeroing windage without using the scope’s internal adjustments. The front dovetail ring pivots in response to steering inputs from rear ring shifts.

With Weaver bases, provision for windage adjustment must be built into the rings. Weaver catalogs both steel and aluminum windage-adjustable rings for its bases, and Millett Angle-Loc rings work similarly. These rings use separate right- and left-side opposing lock screws and clamps to secure each ring, permitting you to shift front and rear rings laterally on the base.

Another, almost fiendishly ingenious, approach to ring-centric windage control is the Burris Posi-Align system. Burris Zee rings, compatible with Weaver bases, clamp immovably to the bases with a single locking bolt. All the adjustment capability is topside, within the scope ring. The steel rings are channeled to accept split-ring synthetic inserts that collar the scope tube. If you don’t have a zeroing problem, use the symmetrical inserts that accompany the rings. If you need to correct a discrepancy, sets of asymmetrical inserts that exhibit varying degrees of asymmetry are available, along with detailed instructions.


Weaver Grand Slam rings (L) and Millett Angle-Loc rings offer windage adjustability with Weaver-contour bases. Separate left and right locking clamps on each ring are tightened with dedicated screws. Differential tightening allows shifting from front and rear rings laterally on bases to zero windage.

Zeroing with Posi-Align rings requires patience, care, attention to detail, and, in my experience, a bit more range time than I need with the opposed-screw systems. On the other hand, the Posi-Align design allows tweaking vertical group placement as well as windage. For example, you can use inserts in one ring to alter windage and the inserts in the other to raise or lower the group. Given time and patience, you can even orient the inserts to achieve oblique group shifts.

If you have a grooved-receiver rimfire rifle or a centerfire with proprietary integral bases that shoots askew, you’re not out of luck. Windage-adjustable rings are usually available for these models, too, although you may have to search to find them.


Burris Posi-Align scope rings lock immovably to bases but provide windage adjustment via synthetic ring inserts ranging from symmetrical through graded strengths of asymmetry. Selecting and appropriately positioning suitable inserts allows controlling vertical as well as horizontal group placement when zeroing.

It’s worth noting that there are mounting systems not mentioned here that also provide windage adjustability. The systems I’ve named are those I have personal experience with and that are available at most gun stores. Any omissions reflect the limits of my experience rather than a negative implication.

  • Nate

    Excellent article. I too have had to correct some guns' natural point of aim. The only drawback is even if you can correct the problem at 100 yards, there can be parallax effects beyond the 100 yard target. Usually this will be miniscule, and only show up at distances of 300 to 400 yards (or more). For hunting deer at 200 yards or less, this is perfectly O.K., but competition shooters must learn to deal with the parallex effects, both vertically and horizontally. The parallax point of origin for the scope is the front pivot mount and the point of origin for the barrel is of course the end of the barrel. I wonder if a mechanism or machine could be made to match the front pivot mount point of origin with the barrel's point of origin in a windage fashion for two perfectly parallel vertical lines of sight at 200 or even 300 yard parallax? This would eliminate windage parallax once the rifle is zeroed on paper. That way, the only affecting parallax to deal with while shooting would be vertical (drop) and shooter error from tilt.

    • montucky mcgee

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  • montucky mcgee

    hhhhmmmmmrrrrrr???????

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